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Art History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What Should You Know About the Elements of Art?
Knowing the 7 Elements of Art (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color) allows you to analyze, appreciate, write and talk about art, and even create it.
How to Define Art
There are many things that contribute to the definition of art. Learn more about the best way to answer this complex question.
What Is Form in Art?
Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
10 Things You Might Not Know About 'The Last...
Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's 'The Last Supper'. One of the world's most famous religious paintings in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.
What Is Abstract Art?
Abstract art can be a painting or sculpture (including assemblage) that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way
What Dada Was and Why It Matters
Dadaism, or Dada Art, was not a movement, it's artists not artists and it's art not art. Why does this non-art movement still matter in the art world?
What Is Balance in Art?
Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.
What Is Texture in Art?
The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece
What Is the Definition of Shape in Art?
Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.
What Does Space Mean in Art?
An element of art, Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.
What Is Value in Art?
An element of art, Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale.
7 Surprising Facts About the Sistine Chapel...
Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, the most famous ceiling frescoes painting in the world.
How Is Color Defined in Art?
When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
What Does Medium Mean in Art?
In art, Medium refers to the substance the artist uses to create his or her artwork. For example, the medium Michelangelo used to create David was marble.
Explore the World of Pop Art!
Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.
What Is Artistic Unity?
A principle of art, Unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.
How to Define Contrast in the Art World
Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.
What Art Was Like During the Paleolithic Age
Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.
What is Emphasis in Art?
Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist. Frequently, emphasis is achieved by means of contrast.
What's a Line in Art?
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.
What Exactly Is Contemporary Art?
Great question. Contemporary Art just means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. In other words, contemporary to us. Learn more..
The 3 Most Important Functions of Art
Let's explore the four main functions of art including its contextual, personal, social and physical attributes.
How to Really Understand Surrealist Art
Surrealist artists feasted on the unconscious, the exploration of the dream as a valid form of reality, and a willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.
The Easiest Way to Understand Representational...
What is Representational Art? The word 'representational', when used to describe art, means that the work depicts something easily recognized by most people.
Art History Jobs - Fellowship and Internship...
Art history job openings, Fellowships and Internships, stipends and grant competitions. The most recent entries are at the top of the page. Please note this page is no longer being updated.
What You Should Know About the Visual Arts
What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.
Art History 101: What is Cubism?
Cubism art rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style.
French Impressionist Painters
Famous French artists and painters and who were the trend setters of the notable Impressionism Art Movement during the mid-to-late 19th century.
What Was the Renaissance, Really?
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What’s the Difference Between the...
The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany where most innovative art was created.
What Is Rhythm in Art?
Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About...
Impressionism is about the temporary, the here and now, and not about the timeless, the forever. Its avant-garde technique features short, painterly brushstrokes of bright colors that blend when the eyes view the painting at a distance.
What Is Nonobjective Art?
A work of art that does not represent or depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Also called Abstract art or nonrepresentational art.
The Basics of Post-Impressionism Art
Post Impressionist artists' work comes directly out of the Impressionism or was inspired by the Impressionist movement, but pushes one aspect of the Impressionism to an extreme.
Romanticism - Art History 101 Basics
Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)
What You Should Know About Op Art
Take a closer look at Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.
Neolithic Art - Art History 101 Basics
After the rather ho-hum art of the Mesolithic era, art in the Neolithic (literally:
How to Write an Art History Paper
Advice on how to write an art history paper, written by an art history professor, offering dos and don'ts that will help you complete the assignment on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.
The Entire History of Art in 5 Steps
The entirety of art history broken up chronologically into five chunks, beginning with Ancient Art (circa 30,000 B.C. to 400 A.D.) through the present.
A List of Artists Who Committed Suicide -...
An alphabetical listing of famous departed artists who chose to leave this world by their own hands. Attempted suicides and gradual suicides by substance abuse have not been included.
Going and Coming, 1947
Art History. Page 13.
What Is a Pattern in Art?
A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos® know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).
Is Mary Magdalene in "The Last Supper"?
: Is that John or Mary Magdalene in the Last Supper? : (Heaven help us all - aren't there more important
What Is Proportion in Art?
Proportion is a principle of art that describes the size, location or amount of one element to another (or to the whole) in a work. It has a great deal to do with the overall hamrony of an individual piece.
What Makes Abstract Expressionism?
Abstract Expressionism or. Art History.
Leonardo da Vinci - The Paintings
Leonardo da Vinci's artwork, shown chronologically, as a painter. From his earliest 1470s efforts as an apprentice in Verrocchio's workshop, to his final painted piece, St. John the Baptist (1513-16).
The Scream by Edvard Munch
Edvard Munch painted 'The Scream' in 1895 but also created 3 other colored versions, as well as a black and white lithographic stone.
How To Photograph Artwork and Paintings -...
Photographing artwork is not as easy as it sounds. Learn some quick tips on how to photograph artwork, paintings, sculptures, and drawings.
nonrepresentational art
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing in the natural world.
Explore the High Renaissance in Italy
The Big Three Names of the High Renaissance were: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). These are the very first artists that come to mind when ever the term. Page 2.
What Is a Bas Relief?
A French term from the Italian basso-relievo (low relief), bas relief is a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.
Fast Facts About the Great Pablo Picasso
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.
Learn About the Life of Michelangelo
Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Pietà (1499).
How Mannerism Signaled the End for the Italian...
Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.
tone
Tone is a quality of color. Art History.
Artists in 60 Seconds Index - Visual Artist...
In this large index, famous (and not-so-famous) names from the world of art are arranged alphabetically by last name. Also known as Artists in 60 Seconds, each profile contains pertinent facts about an individual name and links to further resources whenever applicable.
What Is the Golden Ratio?
Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.
The Story Behind “Christina’s...
Andrew Wyeth painted this in 1948. His father, N. C. Wyeth, had been killed at a railway crossing just three years earlier, and Andrew's work underwent a significant change after the loss. His palette became muted, his landscapes barren and his figures--if present--seemed plaintive. Christina's World epitomizes these traits.
Why Should I Study Art History?
Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.
What Was Renaissance Art Like in Venice?
During the Renaissance Venice gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.
Mona Lisa Coloring Page
A line drawing of Leonardo's Mona Lisa for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
Art History Glossary - Definitions for Art...
An alphabetized index of Art and Art History definitions for words and terms.
How to Understand Performance Art
The term. Art History.
Art of the Mesolithic Age (ca 10,000-8,000 BC)
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Art History 101 - A Brisk Walk Through the Eras
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Appropriation / Appropriation Art
Appropriation art takes images from well-known contexts and puts these images into other contexts, usually paintings, sculpture, collages, combines or installations. Recontextualizing the image adds meaning and associations to the original image (or real thing) as well as completes the meaning of the Appropriation artist's own work.
How Do You Define Modern Art?
Learn more about what the art world means by Modern Art, which includes works from the nineteenth century's Impressionists to the end of the 1960s.
Learn About Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci, often referred to by just his first name, was the epitome of the term
Sunflowers Coloring Page
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Vase with 12 Sunflowers for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 4.
Get to Know Andy Warhol
A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.
How to Identify Synthetic Cubism
Synthetic Cubism was invented by Picasso and Braque as they simplified a specific repertory of forms derived from their Analytic Cubism period of 1909/10 to 1912. Synthetic Cubism also incorporated collage and papier colle in Picasso and Braque's work.
The Vitruvian Man - Leonardo Da Vinci - About.com
Leonardo Da Vinci squared the circle. The secret solution in the Vitruvian Man decoded.
Outline of Art History - Modern Art - Visual...
Outline of Art History - Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1880-1970 After Impressionism proved it only
Fauvism - Art History 101 Basics
Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art - Visual...
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art Visual Arts Movements - ca. 30,000 B.C.-ca. 400 A.D. Prehistory
Was Leonardo da Vinci Gay?
Discussion on Leonardo da Vinci's sexual orientation.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Shepard Fairey
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.
Sleeping Gypsy Coloring Page
A line drawing of Henri Rousseau's Sleeping Gypsy for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 2.
The Sistine Madonna by Raphael
She may be 500 years old, but the Sistine Madonna doesn't look a day over 18. How does she do it?
American Gothic Coloring Page
A line drawing of Grant Wood's American Gothic for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 5.
Free Art History Coloring Pages
A series of art-historic line drawings for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print these for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
Color Field Painting: Art History 101 Basics
Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper.
What to Know About Greek Art
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assemblage
: ( noun ) - As one familiar with the word "assembly" might assume, assemblage is a form of sculpture
Art History Definition: Collage
Collage is an art form that includes glued paper, objects and other foreign matter. Picasso and Braque invented the art form during the the Synthetic Period (1912 and on).
What Was Analytical Cubism?
Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque to refer to real objects in terms of identifiable details that become, through repetitive use, signs that indicate the idea of the object, just like we find in cartoon characters.
What Is a Trompe L’oeil in Art?
: ( noun ) - Trompe l'oeil literally translates from French to mean "fools the eye." Hard to paint, the
Special Exhibition Preview - Ghiberti's Gates...
Lorenzo Ghiberti's achievements in art clearly reflect his firm grasp of a new and progressive visual vocabulary that emerged in Renaissance Florence, one that distinguished him from his city's medieval predecessors. The High Museum of Art's upcoming special exhibition, devoted to three panels from Ghiberti's famed Gates of Paradise, amply demonstrates this point.
Starry Night Coloring Page
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Starry Night for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 3.
vanitas painting
A vanitas painting was a particular type of still life immensely popular in the Netherlands (and Paris, to a lesser extent), beginning in the 17th century.
Artists Birthdays by Month - August
Artists' Birthdays by Month - August: jack butler yeats jean auguste dominique ingres jacques louis david jean auguste dominique andy warhol
The Proto-Renaissance - Art History 101 Basics
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Florence's Importance to the Early Renaissance
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists
Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists. 8 Artists, 20 Questions.
What Is the Sfumato Painting Technique?
Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.
15 Ideas for Art History Papers
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.
hue
: ( noun ) - " Hue " is what we call any color that can be plucked, in a pure state, out of the light
Triple Self-Portrait, 1960
Art History. Page 18.
Art History Definition: Abstraction
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing; or a simplified, generalized depiction of a being, place or thing.
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art -...
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art Visual Arts Movements - 1970s-Present 1970 Post-Modernism - 1970s-mid
Was Leonardo a Vegetarian?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Increasingly,
What Is a Landscape Painting?
Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.
Art History - A Selected List of Italian...
Selected Italian Baroque Artist
Elements of Art
The elements of art are those components that one combines with principles of design to construct art.
How to Get a Museum Job
Deb R. Fuller, museum professional, graciously and generously shares excellent advice for those seeking to break into the business.
Artists in 60 Seconds: J. M. W. Turner
A biographical profile of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English Romantic painter.
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early...
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1400-1880 Fifteenth
Art History Definition: Portrait and Portraiture
Portraits are recorded likenesses of humans or animals which are living or have lived. Portraiture is the category for this subject matter. Single images of the Virgin Mary are not portraits; they are devotional images.
Artists Birthdays by Month - September
Artists' Birthdays by Month - September: caspar david friedrich c m coolidge grandma moses jean arp jacob lawrence
Test Your Knowledge- A Quiz on the French...
They were an interesting bunch, the French Impressionists, and drew many non-French Impressionists into their orbit. They changed Western art - and the way we view it - forever. I thought it'd be fun to spotlight seven gentlemen and one lady, in order that you could test your knowledge of the group. If you get all 20 questions correct, kudos! Page 2.
ready-made
ready-made. Art History.
The Turbulent Life of Van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
symmetry
Symmetry is what occurs when one side of something balances out or mirrors the other.
Do-It-Yourself Marilyn Monroe Coloring Page
There is no wrong way to go when choosing your own Marilyn color scheme. In fact, Andy Warhol revisited his 'Marilyn Series' several times and made some rather curious choices of his own (think: pumpkin, black-brown and lime green). One is left supposing that your Do-It-Yourself Marilyn could undergo the star treatment with some glitter, sequins and, possibly, a few glued-on feathers. Page 6.
The Hierarchy of Genres
Believe it or not, artists used to have an official list detailing which types of paintings were more important than others.
impasto
A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.
What Is Artistic License?
If you wish to be polite, artistic license means taking liberties with reality. Conversely, you may be the blunt sort and thus able to call it cheating. Either way, artistic license is usually harmless and entertaining.
Art History Definition: Action Painting
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
watercolor
: ( noun ) - Watercolor has several meanings. First, it means a pigment that, when mixed with water as
Top 10 Tips for Art History Students
Ten tips gathered from top art history students help new art history students organize, prioritize, and memorize. These tips focus on reading, classroom participation and study practice that aid in memorizing art history information, such as artists' names, titles, dates, media, dimension and location.
The Lowbrow Movement - Art History 101 Basics
An artistic movement slowly gaining momentum that pokes fun at convention, and doesn't necessarily care if The Art World recognizes it.
Outline of Art History - Medieval to Early...
Outline of Art History - Medieval to Early Renaissance Art Visual Arts Movements - 400-1400 Early Christian–Late
Neo-Impressionism - Art History 101 Basics
Neo-Impressionism was a movement and style that applied tiny points of color in tightly packed areas so that the viewer's eye mixed the colors to form another color, rather than the artist mixing the colors on the palette. It is also called Divisionism, Pontillism and Chromoluminarism. The effect is radiant. Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Henri-Edmond Cross, and many others practiced this labor-intensive systematic approach to capturing light in modern settings.
Jacob Lawrence Biography
Learn more about Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000), an African American Expressionist painter.
Art History Definition: The Fourth Dimension
The Fourth Dimension refers to time among the other dimensions: length, width and depth, or it refers to the mental processes, such as perceiving and feeling.
Jean Arp (Hans Arp) Biography
Learn more about Jean Arp (1886-1966), a German-born French sculptor, painter, collagist, printmaker and poet.
What Is the Definition of “Salon”?
A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.
Androgynous Anagram of Egyptian God Names?
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Mona Lisa (La Gioconda), ca. 1503-05. Oil on poplar wood. 77 x 53 cm (30 3/8 x 20 7/8 in.). © Musée du Louvre, Paris. Page 9.
Minimalism or Minimal Art - Art History 101...
Minimalism or Minimal Art is a form of abstraction that pares its forms down to the simplest and most elemental shapes. Often the surfaces are monochromatic. Barbara Rose in her landmark article
The Two Fridas, 1939
Art History. Page 12.
Artists' Quotes: René Magritte
René Magritte (1898-1967) dressed like a banker, painted at his dining room table, and had little to say about himself; he preferred to let his work take center stage without commentary. We, however, crave to hear him speak -- we seek glimpses into his mind -- in an attempt to understand his paintings. What precious gems did Magritte drop when he did talk? Read on.
Robert Indiana Biography
Learn more about Robert Indiana, an American painter, sculptor and printmaker best known for his Love sculpture series.
Peter Paul Rubens Biography
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Basics: Peter
What Was Leonardo's Name?
: What Was Leonardo's Name? : In The Da Vinci Code , Robert Langdon refers to Leonardo as "Da Vinci."
negative space
: Negative space is a compositional tool used in both two- and three-dimensional work. The simplest way
Christmas Homecoming, 1948
Art History. Page 14.
The Double Life of Artist Berthe Morisot
Berthe Morisot was among the few women in the original French Impressionist circle. She was married to Eugene Manet and was the sister-in-law of Edouard Manet. Her daughter was Julie Manet, also an artist.
Numbers in Color, 1958–59
Art History. Page 11.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Marcel Duchamp
A biographical profile of Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French-born American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Roy Lichtenstein
Lichtenstein (1923-1997) is one of the two most recognized names in Pop Art, best known for his paintings of what appear to be machine-printed comic strips.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Donatello (Donato di...
A biographical profile of Donatello (1386-1466), Italian Early Renaissance sculptor.
Special Exhibition Image Galleries: Dada at MoMA
The first major museum exhibition in the United States to focus exclusively on the brief but hugely influential movement, Dada surveys the six principal cities in which its artists worked between 1916 and 1924. Nearly fifty artists are represented in over 400 pieces including paintings, collage, photomontage, readymade constructions, photographs and printed matter.
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