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Art History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What Should You Know About the Elements of Art?
Knowing the 7 Elements of Art (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color) allows you to analyze, appreciate, write and talk about art, and even create it.
What Dada Was and Why It Matters
Dadaism, or Dada Art, was not a movement, it's artists not artists and it's art not art. Why does this non-art movement still matter in the art world?
10 Things You Might Not Know About "The Last...
Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's 'The Last Supper'. One of the world's most famous religious paintings in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.
How to Define Art
There are many things that contribute to the definition of art. Learn more about the best way to answer this complex question.
Abstract Art 101: What Is Abstract Art?
Abstract art can be a painting or sculpture (including assemblage) that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way
How Much Do You Know About Pop Art?
Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.
What Is Form in Art?
Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
The 3 Most Important Functions of Art
Let's explore the four main functions of art including its contextual, personal, social and physical attributes.
What Does Medium Mean in Art?
In art, Medium refers to the substance the artist uses to create his or her artwork. For example, the medium Michelangelo used to create David was marble.
Art History Jobs - Fellowship and Internship...
Art history job openings, Fellowships and Internships, stipends and grant competitions. The most recent entries are at the top of the page. Please note this page is no longer being updated.
7 Surprising Facts About the Sistine Chapel...
Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, the most famous ceiling frescoes painting in the world.
What Exactly Is Contemporary Art?
Great question. Contemporary Art just means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. In other words, contemporary to us. Learn more..
French Impressionist Painters
Famous French artists and painters and who were the trend setters of the notable Impressionism Art Movement during the mid-to-late 19th century.
How Is Color Defined in Art?
When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
What You Should Know About the Visual Arts
What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.
How to Really Understand Surrealist Art
Surrealist artists feasted on the unconscious, the exploration of the dream as a valid form of reality, and a willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.
What Is Balance in Art?
Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.
What Is the Definition of Shape in Art?
Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.
What Is Texture in Art?
The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece
Is Mary Magdalene in "The Last Supper"?
: Is that John or Mary Magdalene in the Last Supper? : (Heaven help us all - aren't there more important
How to Define Contrast in the Art World
Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.
Art History 101: What is Cubism?
Cubism art rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style.
Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About...
Impressionism is about the temporary, the here and now, and not about the timeless, the forever. Its avant-garde technique features short, painterly brushstrokes of bright colors that blend when the eyes view the painting at a distance.
The Easiest Way to Understand Representational...
What is Representational Art? The word 'representational', when used to describe art, means that the work depicts something easily recognized by most people.
Romanticism - Art History 101 Basics
Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)
What Does Space Mean in Art?
An element of art, Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.
What Is Value in Art?
An element of art, Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale.
La Bella Principessa by Leonardo da Vinci
This little portrait made big news on October 13, 2009 when Leonardo experts confidently attributed it to the Florentine Master based on forensic evidence.
What Art Was Like During the Paleolithic Age
Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.
The Basics of Post-Impressionism Art
Post Impressionist artists' work comes directly out of the Impressionism or was inspired by the Impressionist movement, but pushes one aspect of the Impressionism to an extreme.
What is Emphasis in Art?
Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist. Frequently, emphasis is achieved by means of contrast.
How To Photograph Artwork and Paintings -...
Photographing artwork is not as easy as it sounds. Learn some quick tips on how to photograph artwork, paintings, sculptures, and drawings.
Was Leonardo da Vinci Gay?
Discussion on Leonardo da Vinci's sexual orientation.
What Was the Renaissance, Really?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >We all know what
Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists
Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists. 8 Artists, 20 Questions.
The Scream by Edvard Munch
Edvard Munch painted 'The Scream' in 1895 but also created 3 other colored versions, as well as a black and white lithographic stone.
What's a Line in Art?
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.
Leonardo da Vinci - The Paintings
Leonardo da Vinci's artwork, shown chronologically, as a painter. From his earliest 1470s efforts as an apprentice in Verrocchio's workshop, to his final painted piece, St. John the Baptist (1513-16).
How Mannerism Signaled the End for the Italian...
Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.
The Entire History of Art in 5 Steps
The entirety of art history broken up chronologically into five chunks, beginning with Ancient Art (circa 30,000 B.C. to 400 A.D.) through the present.
The Story Behind “Christina’s...
Andrew Wyeth painted this in 1948. His father, N. C. Wyeth, had been killed at a railway crossing just three years earlier, and Andrew's work underwent a significant change after the loss. His palette became muted, his landscapes barren and his figures--if present--seemed plaintive. Christina's World epitomizes these traits.
A List of Artists Who Committed Suicide -...
An alphabetical listing of famous departed artists who chose to leave this world by their own hands. Attempted suicides and gradual suicides by substance abuse have not been included.
Art History 101 - The High Renaissance
The Big Three Names of the High Renaissance were: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). These are the very first artists that come to mind when ever the term. Page 2.
What Makes Abstract Expressionism?
Abstract Expressionism or. Art History.
What Is Artistic Unity?
A principle of art, Unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.
Artists Birthdays by Month - July
Artists' Birthdays by Month - July: rembrandt van rijn jean baptiste camille corot james abbott mcneill whistler james abbott mcneill frida kahlo
Fast Facts About the Great Pablo Picasso
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.
tone
Tone is a quality of color. Art History.
How to Write an Art History Paper
Advice on how to write an art history paper, written by an art history professor, offering dos and don'ts that will help you complete the assignment on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.
What You Should Know About Op Art
Take a closer look at Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.
Appropriation / Appropriation Art
Appropriation art takes images from well-known contexts and puts these images into other contexts, usually paintings, sculpture, collages, combines or installations. Recontextualizing the image adds meaning and associations to the original image (or real thing) as well as completes the meaning of the Appropriation artist's own work.
What Is Nonobjective Art?
A work of art that does not represent or depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Also called Abstract art or nonrepresentational art.
What Was Renaissance Art Like in Venice?
During the Renaissance Venice gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.
What Is the Golden Ratio?
Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.
How Do You Define Modern Art?
Learn more about what the art world means by Modern Art, which includes works from the nineteenth century's Impressionists to the end of the 1960s.
What Is a Bas Relief?
A French term from the Italian basso-relievo (low relief), bas relief is a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.
How to Understand Performance Art
The term. Art History.
Fauvism - Art History 101 Basics
Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.
Learn About the Life of Michelangelo
Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Pietà (1499).
What Is Rhythm in Art?
Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.
Neolithic Art - Art History 101 Basics
After the rather ho-hum art of the Mesolithic era, art in the Neolithic (literally:
What’s the Difference Between the...
The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany where most innovative art was created.
The High Renaissance in Italy - Art History 101...
Bidding Florence both huge thanks and a fond farewell, let's get right down to defining the who-s, what-s and when-s of the
Color Field Painting: Art History 101 Basics
Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper.
Was Leonardo a Vegetarian?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Increasingly,
Art History 101 - A Brisk Walk Through the Eras
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Put on your sensible
How to Identify Synthetic Cubism
Synthetic Cubism was invented by Picasso and Braque as they simplified a specific repertory of forms derived from their Analytic Cubism period of 1909/10 to 1912. Synthetic Cubism also incorporated collage and papier colle in Picasso and Braque's work.
What Was Analytical Cubism?
Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque to refer to real objects in terms of identifiable details that become, through repetitive use, signs that indicate the idea of the object, just like we find in cartoon characters.
What Is a Trompe L’oeil in Art?
: ( noun ) - Trompe l'oeil literally translates from French to mean "fools the eye." Hard to paint, the
Artists in 60 Seconds Index - Visual Artist...
In this large index, famous (and not-so-famous) names from the world of art are arranged alphabetically by last name. Also known as Artists in 60 Seconds, each profile contains pertinent facts about an individual name and links to further resources whenever applicable.
nonrepresentational art
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing in the natural world.
Mona Lisa Coloring Page
A line drawing of Leonardo's Mona Lisa for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
What Is Proportion in Art?
Proportion is a principle of art that describes the size, location or amount of one element to another (or to the whole) in a work. It has a great deal to do with the overall hamrony of an individual piece.
What to Know About Greek Art
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >As happened centuries
Outline of Art History - Modern Art - Visual...
Outline of Art History - Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1880-1970 After Impressionism proved it only
Free Art History Coloring Pages
A series of art-historic line drawings for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print these for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
The Lowbrow Movement - Art History 101 Basics
An artistic movement slowly gaining momentum that pokes fun at convention, and doesn't necessarily care if The Art World recognizes it.
Get to Know Andy Warhol
A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.
Art History Glossary - Definitions for Art...
An alphabetized index of Art and Art History definitions for words and terms.
How to Get a Museum Job
Deb R. Fuller, museum professional, graciously and generously shares excellent advice for those seeking to break into the business.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Shepard Fairey
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.
What Is the Sfumato Painting Technique?
Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.
Florence's Importance to the Early Renaissance
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.
Learn About Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci, often referred to by just his first name, was the epitome of the term
Sunflowers Coloring Page
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Vase with 12 Sunflowers for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 4.
Art of the Mesolithic Age (ca 10,000-8,000 BC)
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Otherwise known
The Vitruvian Man - Leonardo Da Vinci - About.com
Leonardo Da Vinci squared the circle. The secret solution in the Vitruvian Man decoded.
What Is a Pattern in Art?
A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos® know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).
Art History Definition: Collage
Collage is an art form that includes glued paper, objects and other foreign matter. Picasso and Braque invented the art form during the the Synthetic Period (1912 and on).
Why Should I Study Art History?
Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.
Test Your Knowledge- A Quiz on the French...
They were an interesting bunch, the French Impressionists, and drew many non-French Impressionists into their orbit. They changed Western art - and the way we view it - forever. I thought it'd be fun to spotlight seven gentlemen and one lady, in order that you could test your knowledge of the group. If you get all 20 questions correct, kudos! Page 2.
impasto
A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.
The Sistine Madonna by Raphael
She may be 500 years old, but the Sistine Madonna doesn't look a day over 18. How does she do it?
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art -...
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art Visual Arts Movements - 1970s-Present 1970 Post-Modernism - 1970s-mid
assemblage
: ( noun ) - As one familiar with the word "assembly" might assume, assemblage is a form of sculpture
Triple Self-Portrait, 1960
Art History. Page 18.
Rembrandt
His works are notable for their singular brushwork, incomparable use of color and mastery of light and shadow. Rembrandt also changed the way people viewed other people, by portraying religious figures as human, and humans as soulful and poetic.
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art - Visual...
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art Visual Arts Movements - ca. 30,000 B.C.-ca. 400 A.D. Prehistory
What Is a Landscape Painting?
Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.
What Is the Definition of “Salon”?
A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.
The Hierarchy of Genres
Believe it or not, artists used to have an official list detailing which types of paintings were more important than others.
The Turbulent Life of Van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.
vanitas painting
A vanitas painting was a particular type of still life immensely popular in the Netherlands (and Paris, to a lesser extent), beginning in the 17th century.
American Gothic Coloring Page
A line drawing of Grant Wood's American Gothic for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 5.
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early...
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1400-1880 Fifteenth
hue
: ( noun ) - " Hue " is what we call any color that can be plucked, in a pure state, out of the light
Special Exhibition Preview - Ghiberti's Gates...
Lorenzo Ghiberti's achievements in art clearly reflect his firm grasp of a new and progressive visual vocabulary that emerged in Renaissance Florence, one that distinguished him from his city's medieval predecessors. The High Museum of Art's upcoming special exhibition, devoted to three panels from Ghiberti's famed Gates of Paradise, amply demonstrates this point.
15 Ideas for Art History Papers
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.
Starry Night Coloring Page
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Starry Night for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 3.
The Double Life of Artist Berthe Morisot
Berthe Morisot was among the few women in the original French Impressionist circle. She was married to Eugene Manet and was the sister-in-law of Edouard Manet. Her daughter was Julie Manet, also an artist.
The Proto-Renaissance - Art History 101 Basics
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >As mentioned in
The Two Fridas, 1939
Art History. Page 12.
Art History Definition: Abstraction
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing; or a simplified, generalized depiction of a being, place or thing.
Jean Arp (Hans Arp) Biography
Learn more about Jean Arp (1886-1966), a German-born French sculptor, painter, collagist, printmaker and poet.
Artists in 60 Seconds: J. M. W. Turner
A biographical profile of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English Romantic painter.
Minimalism or Minimal Art - Art History 101...
Minimalism or Minimal Art is a form of abstraction that pares its forms down to the simplest and most elemental shapes. Often the surfaces are monochromatic. Barbara Rose in her landmark article
contrapposto
An art term which describes one particular pose a sculpture or painting of a human has been given by the artist.
Sleeping Gypsy Coloring Page
A line drawing of Henri Rousseau's Sleeping Gypsy for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 2.
Art History Definition: Gestural Abstraction
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
Artists' Quotes: René Magritte
René Magritte (1898-1967) dressed like a banker, painted at his dining room table, and had little to say about himself; he preferred to let his work take center stage without commentary. We, however, crave to hear him speak -- we seek glimpses into his mind -- in an attempt to understand his paintings. What precious gems did Magritte drop when he did talk? Read on.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Frida Kahlo
A biographical profile of Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón (1907-1954), Mexican painter.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Paul Cézanne
A biographical profile of Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), French Post-impressionist painter.
Numbers in Color, 1958–59
Art History. Page 11.
Androgynous Anagram of Egyptian God Names?
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Mona Lisa (La Gioconda), ca. 1503-05. Oil on poplar wood. 77 x 53 cm (30 3/8 x 20 7/8 in.). © Musée du Louvre, Paris. Page 9.
Art History Definition: Action Painting
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
Do-It-Yourself Marilyn Monroe Coloring Page
There is no wrong way to go when choosing your own Marilyn color scheme. In fact, Andy Warhol revisited his 'Marilyn Series' several times and made some rather curious choices of his own (think: pumpkin, black-brown and lime green). One is left supposing that your Do-It-Yourself Marilyn could undergo the star treatment with some glitter, sequins and, possibly, a few glued-on feathers. Page 6.
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
Art History Definition: Academy, French
The French Academy was founded in 1648 during the reign of King Louis XIV as the Academie Royale de peinture et de sculpture. After the French Revolution it became the Academie de peinture et de sculpture and then it was merged with the Academie de musique and the Academie d'architecture to form the Academie des Beaux-Arts. The annual government-sponsored exhibition called the Salon was controlled by the Academie des Beaux-Arts.
What Was Leonardo's Name?
: What Was Leonardo's Name? : In The Da Vinci Code , Robert Langdon refers to Leonardo as "Da Vinci."
Artists in 60 Seconds: Andrew Wyeth
A biographical profile of Andrew Wyeth, American painter.
Special Exhibition Review: Pompeii: Stories...
As the exhibition title, Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption, suggests, a distinct emphasis has been placed on the human story of the towns buried in the 79 A.D. eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The exhibition is seen in the light of a sociological and anthropological study rather than one of art and art history, as it has been and will be viewed in other venues. This emphasis manifests itself mainly in two ways.
Top 10 Tips for Art History Students
Ten tips gathered from top art history students help new art history students organize, prioritize, and memorize. These tips focus on reading, classroom participation and study practice that aid in memorizing art history information, such as artists' names, titles, dates, media, dimension and location.
Neo-Impressionism - Art History 101 Basics
Neo-Impressionism was a movement and style that applied tiny points of color in tightly packed areas so that the viewer's eye mixed the colors to form another color, rather than the artist mixing the colors on the palette. It is also called Divisionism, Pontillism and Chromoluminarism. The effect is radiant. Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Henri-Edmond Cross, and many others practiced this labor-intensive systematic approach to capturing light in modern settings.
What Is Artistic License?
If you wish to be polite, artistic license means taking liberties with reality. Conversely, you may be the blunt sort and thus able to call it cheating. Either way, artistic license is usually harmless and entertaining.
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
Artists in 60 Seconds: Roy Lichtenstein
Lichtenstein (1923-1997) is one of the two most recognized names in Pop Art, best known for his paintings of what appear to be machine-printed comic strips.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Claude Monet
A biographical profile of Claude Monet (1840-1926), French Impressionist painter.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Gustav Klimt
A biographical profile of Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Austrian painter.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Rosa Bonheur
A biographical profile of Rosa (Marie Rosalie) Bonheur (1822-1899), French Realist painter and sculptor.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Camille Pissarro
Camille Pissarro was among the founders of Impressionism and exhibited in all eight exhibitions. An anarchist, he lent to the movement a social consciousness about modernity's effects on the country and city.
ready-made
ready-made. Art History.
Art History Definition: Portrait and Portraiture
Portraits are recorded likenesses of humans or animals which are living or have lived. Portraiture is the category for this subject matter. Single images of the Virgin Mary are not portraits; they are devotional images.
Last Supper, 1495-98
Art History. Page 15.
The Persistence of Memory, 1931
Salvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904-1989). The Persistence of Memory, 1931. Oil on canvas. 24.1 x 33 cm (9 1/2 x 13 in.) The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Page 11.
genre
: ( noun ) - Genre -- typically immediately followed by the word "painting" -- is most frequently used
Elements of Art
The elements of art are those components that one combines with principles of design to construct art.
Artists in 60 Seconds: Marcel Duchamp
A biographical profile of Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French-born American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist.

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