Art History: Most Popular Articles
Knowing the 7 Elements of Art (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color) allows you to analyze, appreciate, write and talk about art, and even create it.
Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
There are many things that contribute to the definition of art. Learn more about the best way to answer this complex question.
Dadaism, or Dada Art, was not a movement, it's artists not artists and it's art not art. Why does this non-art movement still matter in the art world?
Abstract art can be a painting or sculpture (including assemblage) that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way
Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's 'The Last Supper'. One of the world's most famous religious paintings in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.
Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.
Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.
Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.
The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece
An element of art, Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.
When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
An element of art, Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale.
Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.
A principle of art, Unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.
Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, the most famous ceiling frescoes painting in the world.
Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.
In art, Medium refers to the substance the artist uses to create his or her artwork. For example, the medium Michelangelo used to create David was marble.
Cubism art rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style.
Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist. Frequently, emphasis is achieved by means of contrast.
The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany where most innovative art was created.
What is Representational Art? The word 'representational', when used to describe art, means that the work depicts something easily recognized by most people.
Great question. Contemporary Art just means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. In other words, contemporary to us. Learn more..
Surrealist artists feasted on the unconscious, the exploration of the dream as a valid form of reality, and a willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.
Advice on how to write an art history paper, written by an art history professor, offering dos and don'ts that will help you complete the assignment on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.
Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.
A work of art that does not represent or depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Also called Abstract art or nonrepresentational art.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >We all know what
Famous French artists and painters and who were the trend setters of the notable Impressionism Art Movement during the mid-to-late 19th century.
Take a closer look at Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.
What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.
Leonardo da Vinci's Lost Masterpiece: The Battle of Anghiari. Had it been completed, it would have been by far the largest and greatest work that Leonardo ever made. All that remains today of this legendary work of art is a collection of small preparatory sketches and paintings that copied the incomplete mural. While the painting itself is generally thought to be lost, some believe that it may still lie concealed behind a counter wall in the Palazzo Vecchio.
Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)
Let's explore the four main functions of art including its contextual, personal, social and physical attributes.
Tone is a quality of color. Art History.
Impressionism is about the temporary, the here and now, and not about the timeless, the forever. Its avant-garde technique features short, painterly brushstrokes of bright colors that blend when the eyes view the painting at a distance.
Art history job openings, Fellowships and Internships, stipends and grant competitions. The most recent entries are at the top of the page. Please note this page is no longer being updated.
Post Impressionist artists' work comes directly out of the Impressionism or was inspired by the Impressionist movement, but pushes one aspect of the Impressionism to an extreme.
A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos® know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).
The entirety of art history broken up chronologically into five chunks, beginning with Ancient Art (circa 30,000 B.C. to 400 A.D.) through the present.
After the rather ho-hum art of the Mesolithic era, art in the Neolithic (literally:
Edvard Munch painted 'The Scream' in 1895 but also created 3 other colored versions, as well as a black and white lithographic stone.
Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Pietà (1499).
During the Renaissance Venice gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.
Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.
Selected Dada Artist
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.
Proportion is a principle of art that describes the size, location or amount of one element to another (or to the whole) in a work. It has a great deal to do with the overall hamrony of an individual piece.
In this large index, famous (and not-so-famous) names from the world of art are arranged alphabetically by last name. Also known as Artists in 60 Seconds, each profile contains pertinent facts about an individual name and links to further resources whenever applicable.
Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.
A line drawing of Grant Wood's American Gothic for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 5.
A French term from the Italian basso-relievo (low relief), bas relief is a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.
Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque to refer to real objects in terms of identifiable details that become, through repetitive use, signs that indicate the idea of the object, just like we find in cartoon characters.
The Big Three Names of the High Renaissance were: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). These are the very first artists that come to mind when ever the term. Page 2.
Synthetic Cubism was invented by Picasso and Braque as they simplified a specific repertory of forms derived from their Analytic Cubism period of 1909/10 to 1912. Synthetic Cubism also incorporated collage and papier colle in Picasso and Braque's work.
An alphabetical listing of famous departed artists who chose to leave this world by their own hands. Attempted suicides and gradual suicides by substance abuse have not been included.
Abstract Expressionism or. Art History.
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing in the natural world.
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Vase with 12 Sunflowers for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 4.
: Is that John or Mary Magdalene in the Last Supper? : (Heaven help us all - aren't there more important
A vanitas painting was a particular type of still life immensely popular in the Netherlands (and Paris, to a lesser extent), beginning in the 17th century.
Photographing artwork is not as easy as it sounds. Learn some quick tips on how to photograph artwork, paintings, sculptures, and drawings.
Leonardo da Vinci's artwork, shown chronologically, as a painter. From his earliest 1470s efforts as an apprentice in Verrocchio's workshop, to his final painted piece, St. John the Baptist (1513-16).
A line drawing of Leonardo's Mona Lisa for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >As happened centuries
Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.
The term. Art History.
An alphabetized index of Art and Art History definitions for words and terms.
Andrew Wyeth painted this in 1948. His father, N. C. Wyeth, had been killed at a railway crossing just three years earlier, and Andrew's work underwent a significant change after the loss. His palette became muted, his landscapes barren and his figures--if present--seemed plaintive. Christina's World epitomizes these traits.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Put on your sensible
She may be 500 years old, but the Sistine Madonna doesn't look a day over 18. How does she do it?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Otherwise known
A line drawing of Henri Rousseau's Sleeping Gypsy for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 2.
Leonardo da Vinci, often referred to by just his first name, was the epitome of the term
Appropriation art takes images from well-known contexts and puts these images into other contexts, usually paintings, sculpture, collages, combines or installations. Recontextualizing the image adds meaning and associations to the original image (or real thing) as well as completes the meaning of the Appropriation artist's own work.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >As mentioned in
They were an interesting bunch, the French Impressionists, and drew many non-French Impressionists into their orbit. They changed Western art - and the way we view it - forever. I thought it'd be fun to spotlight seven gentlemen and one lady, in order that you could test your knowledge of the group. If you get all 20 questions correct, kudos! Page 2.
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art Visual Arts Movements - ca. 30,000 B.C.-ca. 400 A.D. Prehistory
Learn more about what the art world means by Modern Art, which includes works from the nineteenth century's Impressionists to the end of the 1960s.
A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.
Outline of Art History - Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1880-1970 After Impressionism proved it only
Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.
Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.
: ( noun ) - " Hue " is what we call any color that can be plucked, in a pure state, out of the light
x. Art History.
: ( noun ) - As one familiar with the word "assembly" might assume, assemblage is a form of sculpture
Art History. Page 18.
Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper.
Collage is an art form that includes glued paper, objects and other foreign matter. Picasso and Braque invented the art form during the the Synthetic Period (1912 and on).
Discussion on Leonardo da Vinci's sexual orientation.
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Starry Night for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 3.
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing; or a simplified, generalized depiction of a being, place or thing.
: ( noun ) - Trompe l'oeil literally translates from French to mean "fools the eye." Hard to paint, the
A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.
Leonardo Da Vinci squared the circle. The secret solution in the Vitruvian Man decoded.
There is no wrong way to go when choosing your own Marilyn color scheme. In fact, Andy Warhol revisited his 'Marilyn Series' several times and made some rather curious choices of his own (think: pumpkin, black-brown and lime green). One is left supposing that your Do-It-Yourself Marilyn could undergo the star treatment with some glitter, sequins and, possibly, a few glued-on feathers. Page 6.
Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.
Symmetry is what occurs when one side of something balances out or mirrors the other.
Artists' Birthdays by Month - September: caspar david friedrich c m coolidge grandma moses jean arp jacob lawrence
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
An art term which describes one particular pose a sculpture or painting of a human has been given by the artist.
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
Montage is a collection of whole or partial images, either static or as a film/video, usually of easily recogniable people, places or things, which together offers specific commentary or an artistic vision.
Believe it or not, artists used to have an official list detailing which types of paintings were more important than others.
Neo-Impressionism was a movement and style that applied tiny points of color in tightly packed areas so that the viewer's eye mixed the colors to form another color, rather than the artist mixing the colors on the palette. It is also called Divisionism, Pontillism and Chromoluminarism. The effect is radiant. Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Henri-Edmond Cross, and many others practiced this labor-intensive systematic approach to capturing light in modern settings.
Learn more about Jean Arp (1886-1966), a German-born French sculptor, painter, collagist, printmaker and poet.
A series of art-historic line drawings for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print these for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Increasingly,
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art Visual Arts Movements - 1970s-Present 1970 Post-Modernism - 1970s-mid
Art History. Page 11.
The Fourth Dimension refers to time among the other dimensions: length, width and depth, or it refers to the mental processes, such as perceiving and feeling.
A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.
If you are writing a paper, or simply wish to gain more knowledge for your own satisfaction, you may rely upon this annotated list of titles to assist you. Page 3.
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1400-1880 Fifteenth
Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists. 8 Artists, 20 Questions.
Decollage comes from the French word decoller, to unstick or take off, and is used to describe Italian modernist artist Mimmo Rotella's works.
If you wish to be polite, artistic license means taking liberties with reality. Conversely, you may be the blunt sort and thus able to call it cheating. Either way, artistic license is usually harmless and entertaining.
Portraits are recorded likenesses of humans or animals which are living or have lived. Portraiture is the category for this subject matter. Single images of the Virgin Mary are not portraits; they are devotional images.
Outline of Art History - Medieval to Early Renaissance Art Visual Arts Movements - 400-1400 Early ChristianâLate
A shade is what one ends up with when black (or some other dark color) is added to a pure hue.
Art History. Page 4.
This painting has yet a third title: Looking Out to Sea . Whichever name one prefers, it seems clear
Ancient Greek Artist
Learn more about Robert Indiana, an American painter, sculptor and printmaker best known for his Love sculpture series.
Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.
The elements of art are those components that one combines with principles of design to construct art.
Learn more about Franz Kline (1910-1962), a well-known American abstract expressionist painter.
A biographical profile of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English Romantic painter.
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
A biographical profile of Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón (1907-1954), Mexican painter.
A tint is a color to which white has been added to make it lighter.
Minimalism or Minimal Art is a form of abstraction that pares its forms down to the simplest and most elemental shapes. Often the surfaces are monochromatic. Barbara Rose in her landmark article
Ten tips gathered from top art history students help new art history students organize, prioritize, and memorize. These tips focus on reading, classroom participation and study practice that aid in memorizing art history information, such as artists' names, titles, dates, media, dimension and location.
Photomontage is a specific kind of collage made of primarily of photographs from newspapers, magazines and similar media.
A biographical profile of Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French-born American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist.
Berthe Morisot was among the few women in the original French Impressionist circle. She was married to Eugene Manet and was the sister-in-law of Edouard Manet. Her daughter was Julie Manet, also an artist.
Art History. Page 15.
Art History. Page 19.
Be sure to follow any and all of these suggestions if your goal is to put children - or anyone else, for that matter - *off* the study of art and art history. Properly done, the once curious will come to loathe the very thought of art history.
Deb R. Fuller, museum professional, graciously and generously shares excellent advice for those seeking to break into the business.
The first Impressionist exhibition, when the group was given this name, took place in 1874 and included 30 artists and 165 works of art. The idea for this independent exhibition was radical for this time in French art history and its opening day changed the course of art history forever.
A biographical profile of René Magritte (1898-1967), the Belgian Surrealist painter.
: ( noun ) - Genre -- typically immediately followed by the word "painting" -- is most frequently used
Lichtenstein (1923-1997) is one of the two most recognized names in Pop Art, best known for his paintings of what appear to be machine-printed comic strips.
Learn more about Bridget Riley (b. 1931), an English painter and printmaker best known for her Op Art pieces.