Art History: Most Popular Articles
Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's 'The Last Supper'. One of the world's most famous religious paintings in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.
Dadaism, or Dada Art, was not a movement, it's artists not artists and it's art not art. Why does this non-art movement still matter in the art world?
Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.
Knowing the 7 Elements of Art (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color) allows you to analyze, appreciate, write and talk about art, and even create it.
Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, the most famous ceiling frescoes painting in the world.
What is Art? There are many things that contribute to the definition of art. Learn more about the best way to answer this complex question.
Surrealist artists feasted on the unconscious, the exploration of the dream as a valid form of reality, and a willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.
Abstract art can be a painting or sculpture (including assemblage) that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way
Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
Cubism art rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style.
Famous French artists and painters and who were the trend setters of the notable Impressionism Art Movement during the mid-to-late 19th century.
In art, Medium refers to the substance the artist uses to create his or her artwork. For example, the medium Michelangelo used to create David was marble.
: Is that John or Mary Magdalene in the Last Supper? : (Heaven help us all - aren't there more important
Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)
Impressionism is about the temporary, the here and now, and not about the timeless, the forever. Its avant-garde technique features short, painterly brushstrokes of bright colors that blend when the eyes view the painting at a distance.
Post Impressionist artists' work comes directly out of the Impressionism or was inspired by the Impressionist movement, but pushes one aspect of the Impressionism to an extreme.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >We all know what
Edvard Munch painted 'The Scream' in 1895 but also created 3 other colored versions, as well as a black and white lithographic stone.
Contemporary Art means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. From the 1960s or '70s up until this very minute.
Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.
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Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.
An element of art, Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale.
Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.
The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece
How to write about art history, offering do's and don'ts that will help you complete the essay on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.
Leonardo da Vinci's artwork, shown chronologically, as a painter. From his earliest 1470s efforts as an apprentice in Verrocchio's workshop, to his final painted piece, St. John the Baptist (1513-16).
When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
Art history job openings, Fellowships and Internships, stipends and grant competitions. The most recent entries are at the top of the page. Please note this page is no longer being updated.
An element of art, Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.
Abstract Expressionism, or AbEx, exploded onto the art scene after World War II with its characteristic messiness and extremely energetic applications of paint.
Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.
Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.
The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany where most innovative art was created.
What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.
Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Pietà (1499).
The Venetian Renaissance gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.
Synthetic Cubism was invented by Picasso and Braque as they simplified a specific repertory of forms derived from their Analytic Cubism period. Synthetic Cubism also incorporated collage and papier colle in Picasso and Braque's work.
Salvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904-1989). The Persistence of Memory, 1931. Oil on canvas. 24.1 x 33 cm (9 1/2 x 13 in.) The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Page 11.
Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.
Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque to refer to real objects in terms of identifiable details that become, through repetitive use, signs that indicate the idea of the object, just like we find in cartoon characters.
Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist. Frequently, emphasis is achieved by means of contrast.
Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.
What is Representational Art? The word 'representational', when used to describe art, means that the work depicts something easily recognized by most people.
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An alphabetical listing of famous departed artists who chose to leave this world by their own hands. Attempted suicides and gradual suicides by substance abuse have not been included.
A principle of art, Unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Leonardo da Vinci,
Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper.
A work of art that does not represent or depict a person, place or thing in the natural world.
There are four main functions of art including its contextual, personal, social and physical attributes.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The term "Performance
Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.
After his father's death, Andrew Wyeth's palette became muted, his landscapes barren and his figures plaintive. 'Christina's World' epitomizes these traits.
Below you will find that which "they" (who say many things) call The Big Picture: the entirety of art
Photographing artwork is not as easy as it sounds. Learn some quick tips on how to photograph artwork, paintings, sculptures, and drawings.
Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.
A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Asking "What is
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.
Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.
Outline of Art History - Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1880-1970 After Impressionism proved it only
: Are You Saying Leonardo Was Gay? : No, I am not saying Leonardo was gay. I don't know if Leonardo was
Appropriation art takes images from well-known contexts and puts these images into other contexts, usually paintings, sculpture, collages, combines or installations. Recontextualizing the image adds meaning and associations to the original image (or real thing) as well as completes the meaning of the Appropriation artist's own work.
Leonardo Da Vinci squared the circle. The secret solution in the Vitruvian Man decoded.
A line drawing of Leonardo's Mona Lisa for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.
A French term from the Italian basso-relievo (low relief), bas relief is a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.
Art History. Page 17.
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Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.
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Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists. 8 Artists, 20 Questions.
In this large index, famous (and not-so-famous) names from the world of art are arranged alphabetically by last name. Also known as Artists in 60 Seconds, each profile contains pertinent facts about an individual name and links to further resources whenever applicable.
René Magritte (Belgian, 1898-1967). The Lovers, 1928. Oil on canvas. 54 x 73.4 cm (21 3/8 x 28 7/8 in.). Gift of Richard S. Zeisler. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. © Charly Herscovici, Brussels - 2011© VBK Vienna, 2011. Page 4.
Collage is an art form that includes glued paper, objects and other foreign matter. Picasso and Braque invented the art form during the the Synthetic Period (1912 and on).
An alphabetized index of Art and Art History definitions for words and terms.
A biographical profile of Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón (1907-1954), Mexican painter.
Selected Dada Artist
A series of art-historic line drawings for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print these for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
Art History. Page 25.
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing in the natural world.
Proportion is a principle of art that describes the size, location or amount of one element to another (or to the whole) in a work. It has a great deal to do with the overall hamrony of an individual piece.
They were an interesting bunch, the French Impressionists, and drew many non-French Impressionists into their orbit. They changed Western art - and the way we view it - forever. I thought it'd be fun to spotlight seven gentlemen and one lady, in order that you could test your knowledge of the group. If you get all 20 questions correct, kudos! Page 2.
Tone is a quality of color. Art History.
: ( noun ) - As one familiar with the word "assembly" might assume, assemblage is a form of sculpture
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
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The first Impressionist exhibition, when the group was given this name, took place in 1874 and included 30 artists and 165 works of art. The idea for this independent exhibition was radical for this time in French art history and its opening day changed the course of art history forever.
A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos® know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).
A vanitas painting was a particular type of still life immensely popular in the Netherlands (and Paris, to a lesser extent), beginning in the 17th century.
Rules of thumb to help you know which style guide applies to your art history paper citations and advice on how to format those image captions.
Artists' Birthdays by Month - April 1 2 3 4 Maurice de Vlaminck (1876) 5
A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.
: Why did you say Eucharist? : Because I was thinking (or, more probably, not thinking at all) like a
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1400-1880 Fifteenth
: ( noun ) - Trompe l'oeil literally translates from French to mean "fools the eye." Hard to paint, the
Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.
The blending of overlapping planes into one another.
Learn more about Robert Indiana, an American painter, sculptor and printmaker best known for his Love sculpture series.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Minimalism or
Deb R. Fuller, museum professional, graciously and generously shares excellent advice for those seeking to break into the business.
She may be 500 years old, but the Sistine Madonna doesn't look a day over 18. How does she do it?
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art Visual Arts Movements - 1970s-Present 1970 Post-Modernism - 1970s-mid
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Vase with 12 Sunflowers for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 4.
A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Put on your sensible
Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >After the rather
Art History. Page 9.
Berthe Morisot was among the few women in the original French Impressionist circle. She was married to Eugene Manet and was the sister-in-law of Edouard Manet. Her daughter was Julie Manet, also an artist.
A biographical profile of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English Romantic painter.
Art History. Page 15.
A biographical profile of Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), Venetian painter in the Italian High Renaissance.
Ancient Greek Artist
Art History. Page 18.
A biographical profile of René Magritte (1898-1967), the Belgian Surrealist painter.
A biographical profile of Willem de Kooning (1904-1997), Dutch-born American Abstract Expressionist painter.
A biographical profile of Rosa (Marie Rosalie) Bonheur (1822-1899), French Realist painter and sculptor.
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
Frida Kahlo (Mexican, 1907-1954). Self-Portrait with Necklace, 1933. Oil on metal. 13 1/2 x 11 1/2 in. (34.3 x 29.2 cm). The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection of Modern and Contemporary Mexican Art: Courtesy The Vergel Foundation; Muros; Costco / Comercial Mexicana. © 2007 Banco de México, Trustee of the Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo Museums Trust. Av. Cinco de Mayo No. 2, Col. Centro, Del. Cuauhtémoc 06059, México, D.F. Page 4.
Believe it or not, artists used to have an official list detailing which types of paintings were more important than others.
Camille Pissarro was among the founders of Impressionism and exhibited in all eight exhibitions. An anarchist, he lent to the movement a social consciousness about modernity's effects on the country and city.
A biographical profile of Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997), American Pop painter.
: ( noun ) - Genre -- typically immediately followed by the word "painting" -- is most frequently used
A line drawing of Grant Wood's American Gothic for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 5.
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Starry Night for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 3.
Art History. Page 11.
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art Visual Arts Movements - ca. 30,000 B.C.-ca. 400 A.D. Prehistory
The first major museum exhibition in the United States to focus exclusively on the brief but hugely influential movement, Dada surveys the six principal cities in which its artists worked between 1916 and 1924. Nearly fifty artists are represented in over 400 pieces including paintings, collage, photomontage, readymade constructions, photographs and printed matter.
Art History. Page 8.
The Florentine School had a long tradition of often depicting young males as sweet, pretty, rather effeminate persons. Why? Well, it was simply how it was done. It was tradition, and at least partly so because young men were frequently objects of desire.
Learn more about John James Audubon (1785-1851), an American Naturalist illustrator and author.
An art term which describes one particular pose a sculpture or painting of a human has been given by the artist.
Previously, this panel was thought to exist only as copies and one detailed, 1650 etching by Wenceslaus Hollar (Bohemian, 1607-1677). This was a real jaw-dropper; the last painting by Leonardo to be authenticated was the Hermitage's Benois Madonna in 1909.
There are a few common misconceptions about Impressionism that you may want to avoid including. There are also a few truisms that you should include.
Neo-Impressionism was a movement and style that applied tiny points of color in tightly packed areas so that the viewer's eye mixed the colors to form another color, rather than the artist mixing the colors on the palette. It is also called Divisionism, Pontillism and Chromoluminarism. The effect is radiant. Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Henri-Edmond Cross, and many others practiced this labor-intensive systematic approach to capturing light in modern settings.
Learn more about Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000), an African American Expressionist painter.
: ( noun ) - " Hue " is what we call any color that can be plucked, in a pure state, out of the light
A line drawing of Henri Rousseau's Sleeping Gypsy for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 2.
Art History. Page 12.
Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
Last Supper , Peter's arm appears to be twisted. His right shoulder and elbow seem to be at odds with
The French Academy was founded in 1648 during the reign of King Louis XIV as the Academie Royale de peinture et de sculpture. After the French Revolution it became the Academie de peinture et de sculpture and then it was merged with the Academie de musique and the Academie d'architecture to form the Academie des Beaux-Arts. The annual government-sponsored exhibition called the Salon was controlled by the Academie des Beaux-Arts.
Art History. Page 20.
Photomontage is a specific kind of collage made of primarily of photographs from newspapers, magazines and similar media.