Art History: Most Popular Articles
Knowing the 7 Elements of Art (line, shape, form, space, texture, value and color) allows you to analyze, appreciate, write and talk about art, and even create it.
Dadaism, or Dada Art, was not a movement, it's artists not artists and it's art not art. Why does this non-art movement still matter in the art world?
Facts about Leonardo da Vinci's 'The Last Supper'. One of the world's most famous religious paintings in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy.
There are many things that contribute to the definition of art. Learn more about the best way to answer this complex question.
Abstract art can be a painting or sculpture (including assemblage) that does not depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Even in an extremely distorted or exaggerated way
Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.
Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.
Let's explore the four main functions of art including its contextual, personal, social and physical attributes.
In art, Medium refers to the substance the artist uses to create his or her artwork. For example, the medium Michelangelo used to create David was marble.
Art history job openings, Fellowships and Internships, stipends and grant competitions. The most recent entries are at the top of the page. Please note this page is no longer being updated.
Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, the most famous ceiling frescoes painting in the world.
Great question. Contemporary Art just means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. In other words, contemporary to us. Learn more..
Famous French artists and painters and who were the trend setters of the notable Impressionism Art Movement during the mid-to-late 19th century.
When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.
What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.
Surrealist artists feasted on the unconscious, the exploration of the dream as a valid form of reality, and a willingness to depict images of perverse sexuality, scatology, decay and violence.
Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.
Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.
The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece
: Is that John or Mary Magdalene in the Last Supper? : (Heaven help us all - aren't there more important
Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.
Cubism art rebelled against Renaissance one-point perspective and illusionism through an emphasis on geometricity, simultaneity, and passage. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered Cubism's ideas and style.
Impressionism is about the temporary, the here and now, and not about the timeless, the forever. Its avant-garde technique features short, painterly brushstrokes of bright colors that blend when the eyes view the painting at a distance.
What is Representational Art? The word 'representational', when used to describe art, means that the work depicts something easily recognized by most people.
Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)
An element of art, Space refers to distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece.
An element of art, Value refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. Value becomes critical in a work which has no colors other than black, white, and a gray scale.
This little portrait made big news on October 13, 2009 when Leonardo experts confidently attributed it to the Florentine Master based on forensic evidence.
Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.
Post Impressionist artists' work comes directly out of the Impressionism or was inspired by the Impressionist movement, but pushes one aspect of the Impressionism to an extreme.
Emphasis is a principle of art which occurs any time an element of a piece is given dominance by the artist. Frequently, emphasis is achieved by means of contrast.
Photographing artwork is not as easy as it sounds. Learn some quick tips on how to photograph artwork, paintings, sculptures, and drawings.
Discussion on Leonardo da Vinci's sexual orientation.
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Art History Quiz: Know Your French Impressionists. 8 Artists, 20 Questions.
Edvard Munch painted 'The Scream' in 1895 but also created 3 other colored versions, as well as a black and white lithographic stone.
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.
Leonardo da Vinci's artwork, shown chronologically, as a painter. From his earliest 1470s efforts as an apprentice in Verrocchio's workshop, to his final painted piece, St. John the Baptist (1513-16).
Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.
The entirety of art history broken up chronologically into five chunks, beginning with Ancient Art (circa 30,000 B.C. to 400 A.D.) through the present.
Andrew Wyeth painted this in 1948. His father, N. C. Wyeth, had been killed at a railway crossing just three years earlier, and Andrew's work underwent a significant change after the loss. His palette became muted, his landscapes barren and his figures--if present--seemed plaintive. Christina's World epitomizes these traits.
An alphabetical listing of famous departed artists who chose to leave this world by their own hands. Attempted suicides and gradual suicides by substance abuse have not been included.
The Big Three Names of the High Renaissance were: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). These are the very first artists that come to mind when ever the term. Page 2.
Abstract Expressionism or. Art History.
A principle of art, Unity occurs when all of the elements of a piece combine to make a balanced, harmonious, complete whole.
Artists' Birthdays by Month - July: rembrandt van rijn jean baptiste camille corot james abbott mcneill whistler james abbott mcneill frida kahlo
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.
Tone is a quality of color. Art History.
Advice on how to write an art history paper, written by an art history professor, offering dos and don'ts that will help you complete the assignment on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.
Take a closer look at Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.
Appropriation art takes images from well-known contexts and puts these images into other contexts, usually paintings, sculpture, collages, combines or installations. Recontextualizing the image adds meaning and associations to the original image (or real thing) as well as completes the meaning of the Appropriation artist's own work.
A work of art that does not represent or depict a person, place or thing in the natural world. Also called Abstract art or nonrepresentational art.
During the Renaissance Venice gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.
Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.
Learn more about what the art world means by Modern Art, which includes works from the nineteenth century's Impressionists to the end of the 1960s.
A French term from the Italian basso-relievo (low relief), bas relief is a sculpture technique in which figures and/or other design elements are just barely more prominent than the (overall flat) background.
The term. Art History.
Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.
Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Pietà (1499).
Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.
After the rather ho-hum art of the Mesolithic era, art in the Neolithic (literally:
The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany where most innovative art was created.
Bidding Florence both huge thanks and a fond farewell, let's get right down to defining the who-s, what-s and when-s of the
Color Field Painting is a branch of Abstract Expressionism that concentrates on colorful shapes and expanses of color which emphasize the literal flatness of the canvas or paper.
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x. Art History.
Synthetic Cubism was invented by Picasso and Braque as they simplified a specific repertory of forms derived from their Analytic Cubism period of 1909/10 to 1912. Synthetic Cubism also incorporated collage and papier colle in Picasso and Braque's work.
Analytic Cubism was developed by Picasso and Braque to refer to real objects in terms of identifiable details that become, through repetitive use, signs that indicate the idea of the object, just like we find in cartoon characters.
: ( noun ) - Trompe l'oeil literally translates from French to mean "fools the eye." Hard to paint, the
In this large index, famous (and not-so-famous) names from the world of art are arranged alphabetically by last name. Also known as Artists in 60 Seconds, each profile contains pertinent facts about an individual name and links to further resources whenever applicable.
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing in the natural world.
A line drawing of Leonardo's Mona Lisa for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
Proportion is a principle of art that describes the size, location or amount of one element to another (or to the whole) in a work. It has a great deal to do with the overall hamrony of an individual piece.
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Outline of Art History - Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1880-1970 After Impressionism proved it only
A series of art-historic line drawings for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print these for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes.
An artistic movement slowly gaining momentum that pokes fun at convention, and doesn't necessarily care if The Art World recognizes it.
A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.
Selected Dada Artist
An alphabetized index of Art and Art History definitions for words and terms.
Deb R. Fuller, museum professional, graciously and generously shares excellent advice for those seeking to break into the business.
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.
Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.
Leonardo da Vinci, often referred to by just his first name, was the epitome of the term
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Vase with 12 Sunflowers for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 4.
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Leonardo Da Vinci squared the circle. The secret solution in the Vitruvian Man decoded.
A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos® know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).
Collage is an art form that includes glued paper, objects and other foreign matter. Picasso and Braque invented the art form during the the Synthetic Period (1912 and on).
Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.
They were an interesting bunch, the French Impressionists, and drew many non-French Impressionists into their orbit. They changed Western art - and the way we view it - forever. I thought it'd be fun to spotlight seven gentlemen and one lady, in order that you could test your knowledge of the group. If you get all 20 questions correct, kudos! Page 2.
A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.
She may be 500 years old, but the Sistine Madonna doesn't look a day over 18. How does she do it?
Outline of Art History - Contemporary Art Visual Arts Movements - 1970s-Present 1970 Post-Modernism - 1970s-mid
: ( noun ) - As one familiar with the word "assembly" might assume, assemblage is a form of sculpture
Art History. Page 18.
His works are notable for their singular brushwork, incomparable use of color and mastery of light and shadow. Rembrandt also changed the way people viewed other people, by portraying religious figures as human, and humans as soulful and poetic.
Outline of Art History - Ancient Art Visual Arts Movements - ca. 30,000 B.C.-ca. 400 A.D. Prehistory
Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.
A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.
Believe it or not, artists used to have an official list detailing which types of paintings were more important than others.
Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.
A vanitas painting was a particular type of still life immensely popular in the Netherlands (and Paris, to a lesser extent), beginning in the 17th century.
A line drawing of Grant Wood's American Gothic for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 5.
Outline of Art History - Renaissance to Early Modern Art Visual Arts Movements - 1400-1880 Fifteenth
: ( noun ) - " Hue " is what we call any color that can be plucked, in a pure state, out of the light
Lorenzo Ghiberti's achievements in art clearly reflect his firm grasp of a new and progressive visual vocabulary that emerged in Renaissance Florence, one that distinguished him from his city's medieval predecessors. The High Museum of Art's upcoming special exhibition, devoted to three panels from Ghiberti's famed Gates of Paradise, amply demonstrates this point.
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.
A line drawing of Vincent van Gogh's Starry Night for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 3.
Berthe Morisot was among the few women in the original French Impressionist circle. She was married to Eugene Manet and was the sister-in-law of Edouard Manet. Her daughter was Julie Manet, also an artist.
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Art History. Page 12.
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing; or a simplified, generalized depiction of a being, place or thing.
Learn more about Jean Arp (1886-1966), a German-born French sculptor, painter, collagist, printmaker and poet.
A biographical profile of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English Romantic painter.
Minimalism or Minimal Art is a form of abstraction that pares its forms down to the simplest and most elemental shapes. Often the surfaces are monochromatic. Barbara Rose in her landmark article
An art term which describes one particular pose a sculpture or painting of a human has been given by the artist.
A line drawing of Henri Rousseau's Sleeping Gypsy for your coloring page fun. You are free to save and print this image for personal, educational and non-commercial purposes. Page 2.
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
René Magritte (1898-1967) dressed like a banker, painted at his dining room table, and had little to say about himself; he preferred to let his work take center stage without commentary. We, however, crave to hear him speak -- we seek glimpses into his mind -- in an attempt to understand his paintings. What precious gems did Magritte drop when he did talk? Read on.
A biographical profile of Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón (1907-1954), Mexican painter.
A biographical profile of Paul Cézanne (1839-1906), French Post-impressionist painter.
Art History. Page 11.
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Mona Lisa (La Gioconda), ca. 1503-05. Oil on poplar wood. 77 x 53 cm (30 3/8 x 20 7/8 in.). © Musée du Louvre, Paris. Page 9.
Abstract artworks that emphasize the process of or gesture in the creative act through various techniques of application, including dripping, smearing and flinging paint.
There is no wrong way to go when choosing your own Marilyn color scheme. In fact, Andy Warhol revisited his 'Marilyn Series' several times and made some rather curious choices of his own (think: pumpkin, black-brown and lime green). One is left supposing that your Do-It-Yourself Marilyn could undergo the star treatment with some glitter, sequins and, possibly, a few glued-on feathers. Page 6.
The Baroque - Art History 101 Basics
The French Academy was founded in 1648 during the reign of King Louis XIV as the Academie Royale de peinture et de sculpture. After the French Revolution it became the Academie de peinture et de sculpture and then it was merged with the Academie de musique and the Academie d'architecture to form the Academie des Beaux-Arts. The annual government-sponsored exhibition called the Salon was controlled by the Academie des Beaux-Arts.
: What Was Leonardo's Name? : In The Da Vinci Code , Robert Langdon refers to Leonardo as "Da Vinci."
A biographical profile of Andrew Wyeth, American painter.
As the exhibition title, Pompeii: Stories from an Eruption, suggests, a distinct emphasis has been placed on the human story of the towns buried in the 79 A.D. eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The exhibition is seen in the light of a sociological and anthropological study rather than one of art and art history, as it has been and will be viewed in other venues. This emphasis manifests itself mainly in two ways.
Ten tips gathered from top art history students help new art history students organize, prioritize, and memorize. These tips focus on reading, classroom participation and study practice that aid in memorizing art history information, such as artists' names, titles, dates, media, dimension and location.
Neo-Impressionism was a movement and style that applied tiny points of color in tightly packed areas so that the viewer's eye mixed the colors to form another color, rather than the artist mixing the colors on the palette. It is also called Divisionism, Pontillism and Chromoluminarism. The effect is radiant. Georges Seurat, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Henri-Edmond Cross, and many others practiced this labor-intensive systematic approach to capturing light in modern settings.
If you wish to be polite, artistic license means taking liberties with reality. Conversely, you may be the blunt sort and thus able to call it cheating. Either way, artistic license is usually harmless and entertaining.
Realism - Art History 101 Basics
Lichtenstein (1923-1997) is one of the two most recognized names in Pop Art, best known for his paintings of what appear to be machine-printed comic strips.
A biographical profile of Claude Monet (1840-1926), French Impressionist painter.
A biographical profile of Gustav Klimt (1862-1918), Austrian painter.
A biographical profile of Rosa (Marie Rosalie) Bonheur (1822-1899), French Realist painter and sculptor.
Camille Pissarro was among the founders of Impressionism and exhibited in all eight exhibitions. An anarchist, he lent to the movement a social consciousness about modernity's effects on the country and city.
ready-made. Art History.
Portraits are recorded likenesses of humans or animals which are living or have lived. Portraiture is the category for this subject matter. Single images of the Virgin Mary are not portraits; they are devotional images.
Art History. Page 15.
Salvador Dalí (Spanish, 1904-1989). The Persistence of Memory, 1931. Oil on canvas. 24.1 x 33 cm (9 1/2 x 13 in.) The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Page 11.
: ( noun ) - Genre -- typically immediately followed by the word "painting" -- is most frequently used
The elements of art are those components that one combines with principles of design to construct art.
A biographical profile of Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), French-born American painter, sculptor and conceptual artist.