Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). Self-portrait with Straw Hat, 1887. Oil on cardboard. 40.8 x 32.7 cm (16 1/16 x 12 7/8 in.).
© Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation)
Born March 30 in Groot-Zundert, North Brabant, The Netherlands; oldest surviving son of Anna Cornelia Carbentus (1819-1907) and Theodorus van Gogh (1822-1885), a Dutch Reformed Church minister's five children.
Brother Theodorus ("Theo") van Gogh born, May 1.
Sent to local elementary school.
Sent to boarding school in Zevenbergen.
Attends Willem II College in Tilburg.
Joins art dealer Goupil & Cie in The Hague through family connections.
Goes to London office of Goupil; Theo joins Goupil in Brussels.
October-December in head office of Goupil in Paris, returns to London.
Transferred to Goupil in Paris (against his wishes).
March dismissed from Goupil; Theo goes to Goupil in The Hague; Vincent acquires an etching of Millet's Angelus; teaching post in Ramsgate, England; returns to Etten where his family lives in December.
January-April book clerk in Dordrecht; May in Amsterdam, stays with uncle Jan van Gogh, a naval yard commander; prepares for university studies for the ministry.
July gives up studies and returns to Etten; August admitted for three-month period at a school of evangelism in Brussels--but fails to obtain post; leaves for coal-mining area near Mons, known as Borinage, in Belgium, and teaches the Bible to the poor.
Begins work as missionary for six months in Wasmes.
Travels to Cuesmes, lives with a mining family; moves to Brussels to study perspective and anatomy; Theo supports him financially.
April leaves Brussels to live in Etten; attempts to have a romantic relationship with his widowed cousin Kee Vos-Stricker, who spurns him; quarrels with his family; leaves for The Hague around Christmas.
Studies with Anton Mauve, a cousin by marriage; lives with Clasina Maria Hoornik ("Sien"); August, his family moves to Nuen.
September leaves The Hague and Clasina and works alone in Drenthe; December returns to Nuen.
Watercolors and studies of weavers; reads Delacroix on color; Theo joins Goupil in Paris.
Paints about 50 heads of peasants as studies for Potato Eaters; November goes to Antwerp, acquires Japanese prints; father dies in March.
January-March studies art at Antwerp Academy; moves to Paris and studies at Cormon studio; paints flowers influenced by Delacroix and Monticelli; meets Impressionists.
Impressionists' palette influences his work; collects Japanese prints; exhibits in a working-class café.
February goes to Arles; lives at 2 Place Lamartine in the Yellow House; visits Saintes Maries de la Mer in the Carmargue in June; joined by Gauguin on October 23; both artists visit Alfred Bruyas, Courbet's patron, in Montpellier in December; their relationship deteriorates; mutilates his ear on December 23; Gauguin leaves immediately.
Lives in mental hospital and in the Yellow House at alternate intervals; May voluntarily enters hospital in St. Rémy; Paul Signac comes to visit; Theo marries Johanna Bonger on April 17.
January 31, a son Vincent Willem is born to Theo and Johanna; Albert Aurier writes article about his work; Vincent leaves hospital in May; briefly visits Paris; goes to Auvers-sur-Oise, less than 17 miles from Paris, to begin care under Dr. Paul Gachet, who was recommended by Camille Pissarro; shoots himself July 27 and dies two days later at age 37.
January 25, Theo dies in Utrecht of syphilis.
Vincent van Gogh - Images of His Work