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Artists in 60 Seconds: Gustave Caillebotte


Private Collection, Photo © Greg Staley, 2006; used with permission

Gustave Caillebotte (French, 1848-1894). Villers-sur-Mer, 1880. Oil on canvas. 60 x 73 cm (23 5/8 x 28 3/4 in.).

Private Collection, Photo © Greg Staley, 2006

Movement, Style, School or Type of Art:


Date and Place of Birth:

August 18, 1848, Paris


Until recently, if Caillebotte was remembered at all, it was because he'd amassed a large collection of major Impressionist paintings which he bequeathed to the State. Independently wealthy, he often bought the works of (and hence supported) his Impressionist friends. Happily, if belatedly, we've begun to appreciate him as an artist who did some of our favorite Parisian street scenes from the era, and as practically the only French Impressionist who attempted to paint snowy winter scenes.

Important Works:

  • Planing the Floor (The Floor Scrapers), 1875
  • Pont de l’Europe, 1876
  • Paris Street: Rainy Day, 1877
  • Canoes on the Yerres, 1878
  • Rooftops (Snow), 1878

Date and Place of Death:

February 21, 1894, Gennevilliers (near Paris), France

Sources and Further Reading

  • Broude, Norma. Gustave Caillebotte
    and the Fashioning of Identity in Impressionist Paris
    New Brunswick : Rutgers University Press, 2002.

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  • Distel, Anne. Gustave Caillebotte: Urban Impressionist.
    New York : Abbeville Press, 1995.

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  • Varnedoe, Kirk. Gustave Caillebotte.
    New Haven : Yale University Press, 2000.

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  • Wittmer, Pierre. Caillebotte and His Garden at Yerres.
    New York : Harry N. Abrams, 1991.

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