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The Four Elements: Fire, Water and Earth, Air, before 1937

Adoloh Ziegler (German, 1892-1959)

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Adolph Ziegler - The Four Elements: Fire, Water and Earth, Air, before 1937

Adolph Ziegler (German, 1892-1959).The Four Elements: Fire, Water and Earth, Air (Die vier Elemente. Feuer, Wasser und Erde, Luft), before 1937. Oil on canvas. Three panels, left to right: 170.3 x 85.2 cm, 171 x 190.8 cm, and 161.3 x 76.7 cm.

Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Sammlung Moderner Kunst in der Pinakothek der Moderne

About the Show:

Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany, 1918–1936 examines European visual artists' reactions to the carnage they had just witnessed in WWI. While some chose to leave reality altogether (think Dada or Surrealism), many others sought comfort in regularity. Picasso went back to Classicism, France called for a retour à l'ordre (return to order), Italy craved a ritorno al mestiere (return to craft), and Germany championed Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity). This worked out well for roughly a decade until, as the exhibition illustrates, these artistic ideals became twisted and propagandized under the Mussolini regime and rise to power of the Nazis.

Chaos and Classicism contains approximately 150 works by more than 80 artists, and includes painting, film, sculpture, textiles and photography.

Scheduled Venues:

The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York: October 1, 2010-January 9, 2011
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain: February 21-May 15, 2011.

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