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The Third Impressionist Exhibition - 1877

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Image © Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; used with permission

Paul Cézanne (French, 1839-1906). Landscape near Paris, ca. 1876. Oil on canvas. 19 3/4 x 23 5/8 in. (50.2 x 60 cm). Chester Dale Collection. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Image © Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

In 1877, the "Independents" exhibited under their popular name: Impressionism. Therefore, the third independent exhibition can be considered the first official Impressionist exhibition.

Gustave Caillebotte, a relative newcomer to the group, ran the show. Planning began in his home on the rue Miromesnil, off the swanky Faubourg Saint-Honoré, during the winter of 1877. Pissarro, Monet, Renoir, Sisley, and Degas were, as usual, the steering committee. Manet may have been in attendance too.

Caillebotte's comfortable financial situation provided the cushion needed to get the ball rolling. He could lay out the money and receive reimbursement from the exhibition sales. He also had the calm temperament to mediate among these strong personalities

They rented a spacious apartment at 6 rue Le Peletier, not far from the second exhibition's locale at Durand-Ruel Gallery, and scheduled the time slot exactly one year after the 1876 exhibition: April 1 to April 30. The number of works remained about the same: 241. Only 18 artists participated, down from 19 in the previous show.

Artists Participating in the Third Impressionist Exhibition:

  • Gustave Caillebotte
  • Adolphe-Félix Cals
  • Paul Cézanne
  • Frédéric Cordet
  • Edgar Degas
  • Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin
  • Jacques-François (an anonymous woman)
  • Franc Lamy
  • Jean-Baptiste-Léopold Levert
  • Alphonse Maureau
  • Claude Monet
  • Berthe Morisot
  • Ludovic Piette
  • Camille Pissarro
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Henri Rouart
  • Alfred Sisley
  • Charles Tillot

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