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Artists in 60 Seconds: El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos)


Movement, Style, School or Type of Art:


Date and Place of Birth:

ca. 1541, Candia (now Herakleion), Crete


El Greco is arguably the best-known Mannerist painter. Born on Crete (then a possession of Venice), he learned his craft in the Byzantine manner. He later spent enough time in Venice itself to pick up dramatic color techniques, then synthesized all into a whole after settling in Spain. The spirited Counter-Reformation going on in his new (and last) home lent itself to his mystical/religious themes. His style was so completely unique that it died with him, its loss unnoticed for centuries.

Important Works:

  • The Disrobing of Christ, 1577-79
  • The Burial of Count Orgaz, 1586
  • The Agony in the Garden, ca. 1590-95
  • View of Toledo, ca. 1597
  • Laocoön, ca. 1610

Date and Place of Death:

April 7, 1614, Toledo, Spain

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