Movement, Style, School or Type of Art:
Cubism > Dadaism > Surrealism
Date and Place of Birth:
July 28, 1887, Blainville, Normandy, France
A man of great humor and wit, Duchamp loved nothing more than jokes, puns and challenging others to think beyond conventional wisdom. He is best known for introducing the ready-made (or "found") object into visual art, co-founding Dada and being affiliated with the Surrealists. Perhaps his greatest contribution, though, is that he almost singlehandedly shifted the focus of art away from the strictly visual and onto the mental. Duchamp's enormous impact on Contemporary Art cannot be overstated.
Date and Place of Death:
October 2, 1968, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
How To Pronounce "Duchamp":
Sources and Further Reading
- Duchamp, Marcel; Naumann, Francis M.; et. al.
Affectionately, Marcel: The Selected Correspondence of Marcel Duchamp.
Gent : Ludion, 2000.
- Duchamp, Marcel; Sanouillet, Michel and Peterson, Elmer.
The Writings of Marcel Duchamp.
New York : Da Capo Press; 1989.
- Schwarz, Arturo. The Complete Works of Marcel Duchamp (2 Volumes in 1).
New York : Delano Greenidge, 2001.
- Tomkins, Calvin. Duchamp: A Biography.
New York : Owl Books, 1998 (Reprint edition).
Note: If you're only inclined to read one book on Duchamp, this is the most highly recommended.